Scope and Function


A. Anticipate, identify and evaluate hazardous conditions and practices.

This function involves:

  1. Developing methods for

    • Anticipating and predicting hazards from experience, historical data and other information sources.

    • Identifying and recognizing hazards in existing or future systems, equipment, products, software, facilities, processes, operations and procedures during their expected life. c. Evaluating and assessing the probability and severity of loss events and accidents which may result from actual or potential hazards.

  2. Applying these methods and conducting hazard analyses and interpreting results.

  3. Reviewing, with the assistance of specialists where needed, entire systems, processes, and operations for failure modes, causes and effects of the entire system, process or operation and any subsystem or components due to:

    • System, subsystem, or component failures.

    • Human error.

    • Incomplete or faulty decision making, judgments or administrative actions.

    • Weaknesses in proposed or existing policies, directives, objectives or practices.

  4. Reviewing, compiling, analyzing and interpreting data from accident and loss event reports and other sources regarding injuries, illnesses, property damage, environmental effects or public impacts to :

    • Identify causes, trends and relationships.

    • Ensure completeness, accuracy and validity of required information.

    • Evaluate the effectiveness of classification schemes and data collection methods.

    • Initiate investigations.

  5. Providing advice and counsel about compliance with safety, health and environmental laws, codes, regulations and standards.

  6. Conducting research studies of existing or potential safety and health problems and issues.

  7. Determining the need for surveys and appraisals that help identify conditions or practices affecting safety and health, including those which require the services of specialists, such as physicians, health physicists, industrial hygienists, fire protection engineers, design and process engineers, ergonomists, risk managers, environmental professionals, psychologists and others.

  8. Assessing environments, tasks and other elements to ensure that physiological and psychological capabilities, capacities and limits of humans are not exceeded.
© Copyright 1996 American Society of Safety Engineers. All rights reserved.